Day 4: The Islamic Calendar and Why Does Ramadan Move Around?

It’s the weekend, so I figured we’d keep it light.

The Islamic Calendar:

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar that consists of 12 months (354 or 355 days).

  1. Muharram (Beginning of a New Year)
  2. Safar
  3. Rabi al-Awwal (Birth of Prophet Muhammad [PBUH])
  4. Rabi ath-Thani
  5. Jumada al-Awwal
  6. Jumada al-Akhirah
  7. Rajab
  8. Sha’ban
  9. Ramadan (mandatory fasting)
  10. Shawwal (Eid ul-Fitr)
  11. Dhul al-Qa’dah
  12. Dhul al-Hijjah (Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca – occurs & Eid ul-Adha.)

(The English major in me wants to analyze and symbolize that Ramadan is the 9th month, nine being symbolic of birth and life.)

Reader Question: Why does Ramadan move around every year?

Ramadan doesn’t move around. It’s actually the same time on the Islamic calendar. Since the Gregorian calendar is not a lunar calendar and consists of 364/365 days, Ramadan is on a different date, during a different time of the year – on the GREGORIAN CALENDAR.

6 thoughts on “Day 4: The Islamic Calendar and Why Does Ramadan Move Around?

  1. Pingback: Eid-ul-Fitr and WHAT DO I SAY?! | Priscilla Shay, author

  2. very good job ,I`m glad that you are interested to calendar,and history of calendar.
    I`m a writer and one my favorites is calendar and history of Iranian calendar,an Islamic calendar too.

  3. The only real ‘moveable feast’ in the Christian calendar is Easter, the date of which comes from the Hebrew lunar calender for Passover. Love reading you’re blog about Ramadan.

  4. Thanks, Priscilla. I love the series you are doing. Your days sound crazy in terms of sleep, but I assume staying busy keeps your mind focused. At least sometimes, right? 🙂

    • Thanks 🙂 it does. I don’t sleep much outside of Ramadan either so *shrug* my usual schedule is work in the morning, writing in the middle (or napping since travel takes so much time), to class at night and homework when I get home around 10pm assuming public transportation is in my favor

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